민간 항공기 운항승무원의 건강문제 분석(2016~2018)
Analysis of Health Problems among Airline Pilots in Korea (2016~2018)
대한항공 항공의료센터1 , 서울대학교 간호대학 간호학과2 , 인하대학교 의과대학 간호학과3
1 Aeromedical Center, Korean Air, 2 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, 3 Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, KoreaCorrespondence to:
Received: November 28, 2019; Revised: December 12, 2029; Accepted: December 19, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2020; 30(1): 34-39
Published April 30, 2020 https://doi.org/10.46246/KJAsEM.30.1.34
Copyright © Aerospace Medical Association of Korea.
The medical fitness of pilots is part of the civil aviation safety scenery. This study aimed to analyze the health problems occurring among Korean commercial pilots. Three data sources were used to identify the health problems: 7,574 aviation medical examination data, 5,400 sick leaves and 39 cases of a decrease in medical fitness during flight duty period and layover of Korean commercial pilots who have been working for K airline from Jan. 1, 2016 to Dec. 31, 2018. This study was retrospectively analyzed using SPSS 22 statistical program. Waiver of medical certificates was an average 11.9% of total issuance for 3 years, with a denial of 0.1%. The leading cause of denial of medical certificates was predominantly of cardiovascular cause (55.6%). Mild respiratory and digestive disease accounted for 82% of total sick prevalence and 68% of total sick days. The psychiatric and cardiovascular disease were ranked high according to the number of days lost per case. The most common cause of decrease in medical fitness during flight duty period was acute abdominal pain (36.4%) and musculoskeletal disorder (40%) when staying abroad. Aeromedical emphasis on minimizing cardiovascular risk remains appropriate. Major pilot health problems identified in this study should be considered in establishing pilot health promotion programs for aviation safety.
Pilots,Sick leave,Physical examination
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