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KORENG
  • 종설2010-08-01

    Veterinary Medicine for Aerospace Medicine

    Won-Chang Lee
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2010; 20(1): 1-6

    Abstract : 1858년 비교의학(Comparative Medicine)자 Rudolp Virchow는 동물과 사람을 대상으로 하는 의학은 그 응용 은 다를 지라도 - 의학적 기반은 구분되지 않고, 구분 되어서도 안 된다고 하였다. 현대 수의학(獸醫學)의 발전은 애완동물이나 가축의 질병을 다루는 범위 이외에 인수공통전염병, 생태학, 역학, 식품위생 및 안정성, 환경위생학 그리고 기초의학을 중심으로 하는 생의학(Biomedicine)과 항공우주의학(航空宇宙醫學) 및 군진의학(軍陳醫學) 분야에 이르기까지 관련되어 있음은 주지의 사실이다. 특히 20세기에 들어와서 항공우주의학의 기간이 되는 생 체기초실험의 인간을 대신하는 실험동물연구의 상당부분을 성공적으로 이끌어 온 것은 수의학의 업적이라고 하겠다. 미국의 경우 NASA에는 항공우주의학분야에 수의학 담당관이 있고, 일부 연구관 중에서는 우주비행사로 활약 하거나 우주선내에서의 동물실험 연구원으로 활약하는 수의학자들이 있다는 사실은 별로 알려져 있지 않아, 항공우주의학분야와 관련된 수의학분야를 소개하고자 한다.

  • 원저2010-10-01

    한국 공군조종사에서 두통의 유병률과 질병부담

    Ki-Wook Oh, M.D., Jingon Sul, M.D., Hyun Young Kim, M.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2010; 20(2): 31-38

    Abstract : Background: Headache is one of the most common symptoms in the clinical practice. It has been reported that physical or psychological stressful environments are determinant risk factors for headache disorders. Because many pilots are exposed to these risk factors, they may have been suffered from headache burden. However, few studies on the prevalence and the burden of headache in pilots were performed until now. Methods: Data were collected by interviewing 86 pilots. This was a cross-sectional study using a semi-structured interview with a quality-of-life scale (WHOQOL- BREF), and questionnaires to measure headache burden (HIT-6). Results: 54 of studied pilots (62.8%) experienced headache episode during the life time. Three months prevalence was 25.6%. Twenty-one (24.4%) pilots reported past medical history except headache. 17 (73.9%) pilots of those having headache episodes within previous 3 months were diagnosed with primary headache. Two (2.3%) were diagnosed with airplane headache. Only alcohol intake times per week was associated with headache in pilots (P=0.047). Although most pilots with headache reported “a little” or “none” degree in the HIT-6, they showed lower WHOQOL- BREF score than no current headache group. Only 2 (9.1%) pilots sought medical assistance during headache episodes. Conclusion: This is the first study on the prevalence and the impact of headache in ROKAF pilots. Although headache was more frequent disease than other medical problems in pilots, headache disorders were undertreated in pilots. Regarding to a special occupation of pilots, the burden of headache disorders in pilots was not low. Further research will be needed to determine the exact prevalence and impact of headache on social functions in pilots.

  • 종설2014-04-01

    항공신체검사에서 시야검사의 이해

    Hee Seung Chin, M.D., Ph.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2014; 24(1): 5-8

    Abstract : Of the whole physical function of pilot needed for safe flight, good vision would be the most important one. Visual function is harmony of many vision components including visual acuity, visual field, contrast sensitivity, color vision, accommodation, and ocular movement etc. Visual field is very important component of vision especially in pilot. This article explains the test method and interpretation of visual field test with a couple of cases in aviation medical examination.

  • 원저2015-08-31

    Medical CRM 도입 필요성과 방안에 관한 고찰

    Bohun Kwon, Ph.D., Jinkook Choi, Ph.D., JoungSoon Jang, M.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2015; 25(2): 43-49

    Abstract : Population based research suggests that in the United States between 44,000 and 98,000 patients die each year from preventable errors, making medical error the eighth most common cause of death. As early as 1994, the medical community began evaluating best practices from the aviation industry as a possible avenue for reducing errors that occur in operating rooms and trauma situations. Aviation crew resource management (CRM) training, based on effective communication and teamwork skills, may translate to healthcare through error management training. Aviation and healthcare have similar point that focused on safety and efficiency. Now we need to discuss on introducing CRM that was proved as one of the successful tool for reducing human error and increasing safety.

  • 종설2015-12-31

    조종사의 항공기 이용 자살

    Ji-Hyun Kim, M.D., Ph.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2015; 25(3): 67-70

    Abstract : The crash of Germanwings flight 9525 was tremendously shocking disaster because it has been turned out that the co-pilot, Andreas Lubitz, deliberately descended the plane to the crash site while the pilot locked out of the cockpit. It also has been revealed that Lubitz had been treated for suicidal tendencies before getting his pilot license and was taking prescription drugs for depression and anxiety. Aftermath, international debate took place on the issues of regulatory measures for pilots’ mental illnesses for prevention of aircraft-assisted suicide. In this review, previous results on aircraft-assisted suicide and possible ways of its prevention were discussed. Aircraft-assisted suicide is still very uncommon, accounting for less than 0.5% of all fatal aviation accidents. Suicide can be resulted from complex interactions among bio-psycho-social factors which constitute the “stress-diathesis model”. Excessively strict regulation for depression would foment pilots to conceal their mental problems and it would rather compromise aviation safety. Statistically, the strongest risk factor of aircraft-assisted suicide is being alone in the cockpit (odds ratio=38.7). Overall, it is important to provide easy access to confidential mental health service and to ensure the “rule of two” in the cockpit to prevent pilot suicide and promote aviation safety.

  • 원저2015-12-31

    Wireless Body Sensor Network의 응용

    Wooseok Hyun, Ph.D.1, Ilsun Yoo, Ph.D.1, JoungSoon Jang, M.D., Ph.D.2
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2015; 25(3): 80-84

    Abstract : Wireless body sensor network (WBSN) technologies are considered one of the key research areas in computer science. When combined with the healthcare application, two technologies are consolidating into one comprehensive healthcare monitering solution in extreme situations including high altitude or space. Ultra-low power networks of sensors can collect important physiologic informations from the surrounding environment. The sensed physiological data is then transmitted to an interface server which in turn sends the data a remote healthcare provider. Sensor networks are irregular clusters of communicating sensor nodes, which collect and process information from onboard sensors, and they can share some of this information with neighboring or surrounding nodes. In this study, we develop a wireless physiological sensor architecture which integrates a Wireless Body Sensor Network (WBSN) and different sensors to sense physiological data for a person, and then rehearses to transmits the data to a remote healthcare system through a smartphone as an interface, rather than via an interface server. The system can classifies the receiving data based on person ID and types of sensors, and distributes the classified data to their corresponding databases in the healthcare system.

  • 종설2016-08-31

    일본항공우주의학센터 및 항공신체검사체계

    Ilse Sung, M.D., Young Hyo Kim, M.D., Hyun Ji Kim, M.D., Kyu-Sung Kim, M.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2016; 26(2): 46-49

    Abstract : There have been many advances in Japan aviation medicine, starting with establishment of the Civil Aeronautics Act in 1952 until now. The aviation medical examination system has been periodically revised and in recent years, the age limit has been extended. As the emerging concerns about aviation safety after an aircraft accident, the Japanese aeromedical research center has been developed in earnest. This article reviews the overall situation of Japanese aviation medicine and presents the direction of Korean aviation medicine to go forth through this. There have been many advances in Japan aviation medicine, starting with establishment of the Civil Aeronautics Act in 1952 until now. The aviation medical examination system has been periodically revised and in recent years, the age limit has been extended. As the emerging concerns about aviation safety after an aircraft accident, the Japanese aeromedical research center has been developed in earnest. This article reviews the overall situation of Japanese aviation medicine and presents the direction of Korean aviation medicine to go forth through this.

  • 종설2016-12-31

    미세중력이 면역계에 미치는 영향: Year-in-Review

    Tae Young Jang, M.D., Ph.D., Kyu-Sung Kim, M.D., Ph.D., Young Hyo Kim, M.D., Ph.D.
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2016; 26(3): 71-74

    Abstract : Microgravity could exert significant health effect for astronauts, by weakening his or her immune function. Opportunistic infection by viruses, bacteria or fungi and their resistance to antibiotics or other treatment could cause significant health problem to astronauts. Therefore, it is essential that we perform research about change of immune function in microgravity condition. However, performing biological research under microgravity condition is extremely difficult on Earth. Therefore, several researchers have developed machinery and methods such as bioreactors (for cell culture study) and anti-orthostatic hindlimb unloading model (for rodents). In this review, we evaluated the usefulness of these models for simulated microgravity research. We also aimed to review recent literatures, which studied the immunological effects of long-term simulated microgravity.

  • Review Article2017-08-31

    차세대 항공기술에 대한 IT산업의 영향

    WooSeok Hyun, Ph.D
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2017; 27(2): 49-53

    Abstract : The aviation industry is expected to grow. Convergence of combined technologies of machinery, electronics, materials and information technology (IT) to conventional aviation technology has contributed to the progress in aviation industry. IT, making a considerable impact on every human life, began to merge into aviation technology and raises its level of standardized technology and engineering. In particular, the development of avionics based on IT contributes to the increased efficiency of aircraft system and flying safety. It also accounts for substantial portion for more than 30% of the total cost of aircraft comprising navigation, safety systems of terrain warning, landing system and propulsion system monitering. In this paper, I review the industrial movement that linked in aviation industry and discuss the influence of IT convergence on this industry.

  • Review Article2018-08-31

    항공업무 종사자의 폐쇄성 수면무호흡증후군 평가 및 치료 전략

    Kyu-Sung Kim, M.D., Ph.D.1,2, Young Hyo Kim, M.D., Ph.D.1,2
    Korean J Aerosp Environ Med 2018; 28(2): 19-22

    Abstract : Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can lead to severe complications if left untreated, and therefore should be adequately diagnosed and treated, especially in airline workers. The aviation medical examiner (AME) should induce the patient to cooperate for the diagnosis and treatment of OSAS, by notifying the subject that it does not cause disqualification of the air service and that it is a disease that can be sufficiently controlled and treated by various treatment options. AME should also warn about medical complications and the possibility of serious air accident risks when untreated, and encourage the subject to receive appropriate diagnosis and steady treatment such as continuous positive airway pressure and/or surgical treatment.

Journal Info

The Korean Journal of Aerospace and Environmental Medicine
August, 2021
Vol.31 No.2

pISSN 1738-2548
eISSN 2713-9972

Archives

Editorial Office

Most Articles

KORENG
  • Review Article2020-04-30

    Effects of Microgravity on Human Physiology

    Abstract : Space exploration is one of the dreams of humankind. However, the intriguing environment was a challenge for the human body, where we must counter with many extreme conditions such as thermal support, radiation, microgravity. Life, as well as the human body, developed and evolved in the continuous presence of gravity, especially when living creatures transfer from the ocean to the land. Once this gravitational force doesn't impact on the body, the drastic changes occur. Some of these changes were observed immediately, while others progress only slowly. Since the first orbital flight was performed, several hazards for the organs of the human body were identified [1]. These changes in human physiology can reverse when astronauts return to Earth. This article will review the published findings of the effects of microgravity exposure on the human body.

  • Review Article2020-04-30

    한국형 기내 의학적 상황 대처 방안 안내서

    Abstract : "The cabin environment has many physiological effects on commercial aircraft passengers and medical providers, and environmental stress factors exist. Therefore, it is important for medical providers to understand the effects of aviation physiology and cabin environment on the human body. It should also be remembered that these physiological changes and environmental stress factors can affect passengers as well as flight crew and also medical equipment. Providing medical assistance during a flight offers a number of unique challenges including lower cabin pressure, tight quarters, crowded conditions, and loud background noise. The purpose of this Korean guideline is to offer an overview on various in-flight emergencies that could be anticipated and to outline treatment priorities."

  • Review Article2020-04-30

    Review of the History of Animals that Helped Human Life and Safety for Aerospace Medical Research and Space Exploration

    Abstract : In 2019, the Aerospace Medical Association of Korea celebrated its 30th anniversary. On the other side of the world, it was also the 62nd anniversary of Russian launch Sputnik 1 of the world’s first artificial satellite on October 4, 1957. In additionally, the world, especially the United States was shocked, when on November 3, 1957, Sputnik 2 blasted into Earth orbit with a dog named “Laika”; it was the role of veterinarian’s activities for aerospace medical research and exploration. Veterinarians (Vets) are responsible for the health of all the animals for aerospace medicine whether on the ground or in space. Vets can enhance animal and public health and this knowledge of Vets and astronauts can extend their mission durations, go to nearby Earth Asteroids, Mars and other heavenly bodies to study their living and non-living characteristics. This review article is the brief history of the original growth of the veterinarian’s activities for the aerospace medical research, in order to stimulate future strategies for improvements in the space life sciences and exploration.

  • Review Article2020-08-31

    알레르기 비염 진단 및 치료, 항공업무 적합성 평가에 있어 항공전문의사의 역할

    Abstract : Since allergic rhinitis is a disease with a very high prevalence, it is common to find patients with allergic rhinitis among aviation workers. However, they are so afraid that the report of rhinitis will have a negative effect on the evaluation of one's work suitability. Therefore, aviation medical examiners (AMEs) must be able to accurately understand the nature of allergic rhinitis, and confidently explain that appropriate treatment of rhinitis has a positive effect on their performance. In the treatment of allergic rhinitis, there are some medications that may cause drowsiness, which may impair the accuracy and safety of the aviation service. Therefore, AMEs should accurately know safe drugs that do not cause drowsiness and prescribe them to patients. In addition, it is necessary to know exactly whether air workers may receive the latest treatments for allergic rhinitis, such as surgical treatment and immunotherapy, and be able to recommend these treatments appropriately. Therefore, in this paper, we first briefly describe the pathophysiology, genetics, causative antigen, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of allergic rhinitis. We also aimed to discuss safe medication and other treatment modalities for allergic rhinitis.

  • Review Article2020-08-31

    피로위험관리를 위한 조종사 피로측정방법 고찰

    Abstract : Pilot fatigue is a great hazard to aviation safety. In recent years, longdistance fights have been increasing and flight hours have been increasing, which has made fatigue issues important. International organizations in the aviation sectors (ICAO, FAA, IATA etc.) recommend management of fatigue within the SMS (Safety Management System) framework. A scientific and systematic approach to measuring fatigue is required as a prerequisite to preparing safety management measures for pilot’s fatigue. Therefore, in this study, I would like to consider recent trends and implications for fatigue measurement. First, I aimed to consider recent the accident cases related to fatigue. Second, I also considered how to measure the pilot’s fatigue. Finally, the direction of the countermeasures against fatigue through fatigue measurement was developed and suggested.

  • Review Article2020-12-31

    코로나바이러스감염증-19 (COVID-19)과 항공신체검사

    Abstract : Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a significant impact on our society as a whole. The COVID-19 pandemic is not only a health crisis, it is also an economic, social and humanitarian crisis. Considering the dramatic global economic and social impact that the crisis has engendered, the aviation system is standing on the doorstep of rapid transformation. In particular, the impact on the aviation and travel industries is enormous. Air travel to most countries has been suspended and blocked. Looking at Korea’s current situation, COVID-19 has wholly changed the aviation industry. As COVID-19 spreads around the world, countries have come up with aviation safety measures. Infectious disease safety measures were established to protect passengers and crew members, and countries with collapsed medical systems extended the validity period for aviation medical examinations. In Korea, on August 11, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport provided guidance on medical measures related to COVID-19 through an official letter of “Notification of cautions for pilots and air traffic control officers (ATCO) when COVID-19 is confirmed”. Overseas countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom have announced regulations for aviation medical examination regulations in relation to COVID-19, and have set standards for returning to aviation after COVID-19 is confirmed. In this paper, we would like to investigate the regulations for aviation medical examination related to COVID-19.

  • Editorial2020-04-30

    편집자 주 - 30권 1호

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

Most Articles
KORENG
  • Review Article2020-04-30

    한국형 기내 의학적 상황 대처 방안 안내서

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Review Article2021-04-30

    말초성 어지럼의 이해 및 항공업무 적합성 평가

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Review Article2020-04-30

    Review of the History of Animals that Helped Human Life and Safety for Aerospace Medical Research and Space Exploration

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Original Article2020-04-30

    항공종사자 건강증진활동계획에 반영되어야 할 근거자료: 3년간의 항공신체검사 결과 분석

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Review Article2020-12-31

    항공 분야에서의 사물인터넷 기술 현황

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Review Article2021-04-30

    항공우주의학회지 창간 30주년을 맞아: 학회지의 역사, 발전, 그리고 비전

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

  • Review Article2021-04-30

    항공종사자와 코로나바이러스감염증-19 백신 예방 접종

    Abstract : In commemoration of Vol. 30, Issue 1, our journal prepares four review articles and two original papers. The first review article provides guidelines for medical treatment for emergencies in an aircraft furing flight. This guideline addresses the resources and medical equipment available to physicians on board, common medical conditions, how to deal with them, including legal issues. The second review article covers historically meaningful animals that have contributed to aerospace research and the role of a veterinarian. The third one describes cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and vestibular physiological effects of microgravity on the human body. As we are about to enter an aging society, the fourth review article introduces guidelines for safe overseas travel for senior passengers. The role of the aviation medical examiner is to maintain aircrew's health and to help them work long and healthy. In this regard, Choi et al. analyzed the physical examination data and sick leave data of an airline. Han et al. investigated the aerospace medical examination data of the Republic of Korea and suggested a solution to some common health problems of the crew.

Most Articles
KORENG
  • Review Article2020-04-30

    한국형 기내 의학적 상황 대처 방안 안내서

    Abstract : "The cabin environment has many physiological effects on commercial aircraft passengers and medical providers, and environmental stress factors exist. Therefore, it is important for medical providers to understand the effects of aviation physiology and cabin environment on the human body. It should also be remembered that these physiological changes and environmental stress factors can affect passengers as well as flight crew and also medical equipment. Providing medical assistance during a flight offers a number of unique challenges including lower cabin pressure, tight quarters, crowded conditions, and loud background noise. The purpose of this Korean guideline is to offer an overview on various in-flight emergencies that could be anticipated and to outline treatment priorities."

  • Review Article2020-12-31

    항공 분야에서의 사물인터넷 기술 현황

    Abstract : Internet of Things (IoT) is a technology that communicates data between devices, which are things, using an embedded sensor connected through network backbone such as the internet. Here, data communication technology, sensor technology, and actuator (interface) technology are fused into IoT and it turns devices into smart things. As a result, vast sized data are being generated and that data is being processed into useful actions that can control the things that are devices to make our lives much fruitful. Nowadays, the IoT, early defined as Machine-to-Machine (M2M) connection, becomes a key technology powered by growing innovation of wireless communication trends in the internet connectivity through mobile networking. This paper gives an overview of Internet of Things and brief information about major technologies and its applications in various fields focusing aviation.

  • Original Article2020-08-31

    최근 5년간 국적항공사 조종사의 항공신체검사 부적합 판정결과

    Abstract : This study aimed to quantify the causes of Korean airline pilots' medical disqualification during 2015~2019. The airline pilot disqualification data is important for grasping what health problems are common to pilots and establishing preventive health care programs. We were able to obtain data from official sources at the Korean Civil Aviation Authority during 2015~2019. The total number of pilots was 29,095, and the number of disqualified professional pilots in Korea was 36. Looking at airline pilots' status by age group, the 40s were the highest with 38%. However, the disqualification rate per 1,000 pilots was the highest in the 60s, at 4.6. When the different diagnostic categories classified the disqualification results, cardiovascular disease was the highest with 12 cases (33.3%), followed by eye disease, malignancy, neurology, psychiatry, otorhinolaryngology, and respiratory disease. The total number of pilots during 2015~2019 was 29,095, and the overall disqualification rate of 1.6/1,000 pilots.

  • Review Article2020-08-31

    교대근무 항공정비사의 피로관리 연구

    Abstract : In the case of aviation maintenance work, several kinds of shift works are performed during day and night, and a lot of works are performed on the ramp due to the characteristics of the aircraft flight schedule. Maintenance workers are often exposed to the sun or in cold temperatures for aircraft maintenance works. The fatigue risk of the maintenance workers will be weighted. In particular, the work at night shift under normal biological rhythms can make maintenance workers feel sleepy during daytime work. It can also affect the safety of aircraft and individual workers. Accordingly, this study will consider fatigue-related previous researches in the field of aviation maintenance, review the effects of shift work, and how fatigue affects aviation mechanics during the day/night shifts. Considering these factors, we tried to present a plan that can minimize the fatigue of aviation workers through this study

  • Review Article2020-08-31

    피로위험관리를 위한 조종사 피로측정방법 고찰

    Abstract : Pilot fatigue is a great hazard to aviation safety. In recent years, longdistance fights have been increasing and flight hours have been increasing, which has made fatigue issues important. International organizations in the aviation sectors (ICAO, FAA, IATA etc.) recommend management of fatigue within the SMS (Safety Management System) framework. A scientific and systematic approach to measuring fatigue is required as a prerequisite to preparing safety management measures for pilot’s fatigue. Therefore, in this study, I would like to consider recent trends and implications for fatigue measurement. First, I aimed to consider recent the accident cases related to fatigue. Second, I also considered how to measure the pilot’s fatigue. Finally, the direction of the countermeasures against fatigue through fatigue measurement was developed and suggested.

  • Original Article2020-04-30

    항공종사자 건강증진활동계획에 반영되어야 할 근거자료: 3년간의 항공신체검사 결과 분석

    Abstract : In accordance with ICAO SARPs, the states should implement appropriate aviation-related health promotion for airmen subject to an aviation medical examination to reduce future medical risks to flight safety. We aimed to analyze the results of the aviation medical examination to use as objective evidence for establishing an aviationrelated health promotion plan. The results of the final issuance of airmen medical certificate from 2015~2017 were collected from the e-sky computer system. The 30 cases (0.3%) in 2015, 22 cases (0.2%) in 2016, 38 cases (0.3%) in 2017 were unfit for flight duty. The 34 unfit out of the total 90 cases were renewal physical examinations. The cardiovascular disease was most commonly in 11 cases, followed by 8 tumors, 4 psychiatric diseases, 3 ophthalmic diseases, 2 respiratory diseases, 2 neurologic diseases, 2 otolaryngological diseases, 1 endocrine disease and 1 digestive disease. The results of this study can be used as objective data in aviation-related health promotion plan. The health promotion activities based on objective data can contribute to improving aviation safety by improving the lifestyles of airmen.

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